Sponges are used to apply various types of makeup and paint. They are benificial due to their flexibility, their ability to hold lots of product, and they are often more disposible, and therefore more sanitary over brushes.
Commonly used sponge typesEdit
Sponges are refered to by color as a convention. The colors are usually adhered to in the makeup industry, but there is no requirement for this.
- White foam sponge - This is the most commonly available sponge. Available in disks and rectangles to fit compacts, or as triangles at affordable prices. They apply makeup smoothly and are less prone to streaking than brushes in some situations. White foam sponges are usually made from a polyurethane foam, though latex based sponges are not unheard of. Latex sponges should be avoided when dealing with a client with latex allergies or when working with silicone products, as traces of sulfer in the sponge can inhibit gelling.
- Red rubber spongeOften used for stippling a fine pattern of dots. In Hollywood many artists would apply creme bases in a stipple pattern to get over the even look of full coverage makeup as film began to be shot without filtering and formats got higher resolution.
- (Yellow) natural sponge - Sponges harvested from the sea. Absorb water well and are good for use in the application of dry cake makeup
- Black stipple sponge - very large open cell polymer sponge for creating stippled effects.