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&nbsp Paper mache...

A process where fiberous material is laminated together with a bonding agent into a mold or onto a sculpture to represent an object. Fiberous materials are usually cheap and plentiful and when wet become flexible:

  • Newspaper
  • Crepe paper
  • Brown paper
  • Mill fiber
  • Cardstocks
  • Cotton
  • Silk
  • tissue paper
  • Parcel paper
  • Toilet papper

Glues are usually cheap and plentiful and water-based, requiring time and a dry environment to cure:

  • White glue
  • Wallpaper paste
  • Spit ( according to some birds and scholars)
  • Flour and water heated
  • Carpenters glue watered down
  • Egg white

Process is usually the same:

  1. Fiber is torn or cut to reduced sizes allowing for smoothing around intricate details.
  2. Fiber is soaked in glue and applied to sculptural object or mold in single smooth layer.
  3. Object is allowed to dry fully.
  4. Steps 1-3 are repeted 3 - 8 times.
  5. Paper shell is removed from the sculpture or mold and worked. parts can be joined by glueing together and adding another layer of steps 1-3 over join.
  6. When complete object is light, flambablt, fragile, sturdy and needs to be sealed with a water proofing sealant.

In some cases Model or under structure remains inside mache if mterial inside is light enough and cheap enough. Can be done on ballons, plastic bags, toys, plastic skeletons, wooden objects, metle objects, ceramic objects, and most clays

Not to be confused with the Pressed paper technique.*

Process can take hours, days or weeks to achieve depending on size and material choices.


  • Pressed paper is when paper has been mulched in water and pressed between two screens creating a sheet of paperpulp wich is then draped over an object or pressed into a mould and let dry. No glues, and will fall apart with moisture.

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