This article is an effort to compile a demonstration introducing beginning makeup enthusiasts on special FX Makeup. It requires about 2 hours, which may be divided into bodypaint and buildup effects, and molded prosthetics. It requires an assistant/model to aid in the demonstrations.
- This is Effects makeup, not beauty makeup!
- Disclaimer, panel contains some gore.
- This panel is on techniques and materials, not on artistic skill. If you want that, study drawing and anatomy.
- Use products and techniques at your own risk.
- MSDS is your friend
- Sanitary concerns, makeup care
- Latex Allergies
- Particulate matter and Silicosis
- Avoid VOCs
- Fire Safety
- Preventing stains and other messes.
- Special FX Contact lenses.
- Avoid pricey makeup brushes, art brushes work just as well
- White Polyurethane (Buy lots!)
- Natural sponges (for dry cake)
- Stipple sponges (more later)
- Powder puffs
- Q-tips and makeup applicators
Paint (body makeup)Edit
- Body chemistry affects holding power.
- Brand matters a bit less than you may think.
Halloween makeup Edit
- In general, Avoid Halloween makeup
- Cinema Secrets is one exception
Street makeup Edit
Street makeup Comes in wide variety, some is just fine for simple effects, others are junk.
Loose powder ("Mineral") makeup Edit
- Effectively just pure pigment + mica.
- Good for colormatching over latex
- Greasepaint is inexpensive and readily available at costume shops
- Easy to blend
- Thick; Hard to apply evenly
- Weak against heat
- How to powder
- Somewhat obsolete
- Similar to greasepaint, but much smoother.
- High opacity, popular for stage makeup
Dry cake Edit
- Max Factor available most anywhere
- Natural sponge works best
- Not waterproof
- China-doll/mannequin appearance
Moist cake Edit
- Genericized trade name, "Aquacolor" (Kryolan)
- Good coverage, interesting blending properties.
- Set with fixitive spray/hairspray
- Extremely popular in Hollywood
- Strongest hold of any makeup category.
- Expensive, and generally cannot be found in stores
- Professional product, take care when using alcohol.
- Professional product; generally recognized as safe.
- Pros-aide + LiquiteX, invented by Dick Smith
- Make it yourself! Prosthetic adhesive (prosaide) and whatever color or blend of acrylic paint desired
- MUST be powdered!
- Stains like mad, lasts for days.
- Preformulated, or liquid makeup
- AA Makeup
- PAX If careful.
- Selecting an airbrush & pump
Demo application of an airbrush tattoo
- Simple scars can just be drawn; often quite appropriate for anime cosplays.
- Technically two types, flexible and rigid
- Quick and easy scar (demonstrate)
- Keep away from eyes and nose
Demo a quick Kenshin-type scar
Liquid Latex Edit
- Most effective when combined with some bulking material (cotton, paper towels, grains, seeds, cereal)
- Paper thin edge
- Ammonia, avoid if possible, avoid eyes and nose in high amounts.
Demo a Zuko type scar
- Once used commonly in stage makeup and silent films.
- Low adhesion not terribly reccomended for cosplay.
- Cheap, can be made from grocery store ingredients
- Some formulations better against moisture and heat than others
Demonstrate making the stuff
- The hip new thing among the pros
- Expensive, and must be ordered
- Easy, lifelike, flexible, stays on, and reusable
Run the Brick in the Yard video
- Homemade is perfectly good, better than most prefab bloods
- Unfortunatley, issues with staining make it ungood for cosplays
- A/B blood or powdered blood for stagefight wounds
- Gel blood based on gelatine, silicone, or prefabricated bloods are all much less messy.
- Guts can be made by drizzling latex into vinegar, or making sheets of latex and drenching them in blood.
- Scarecrow fangs are usually just fine
- Dental Acrylic is nasty stuff, but it's safe once cured.
- take dental impression
- make lifecast
- seal cast
- Sculpt dentures in clay or wax
- Make Flexible mold
- Clean off clay/wax
- cast dentures
Effectively the same technique on a larger scale, and with different casting materials.
- Difficult, messy, fairly expensive, fragile.
- Classic, all Start Trek makeup was latex.
- Cheap, reusable, realistic
PU (Cold) foamEdit
- Great for props, usually not recommended for prosthetics due to toxicity.
- Much of the same techniques as buildup effects.
- Will not cure against sulfure products (certain clays, foam latex)